How To Wire Your House
Home wiring is a complex process and it requires a deep understanding as well as a conscious planning. You can opt for a professional or you can do it yourself, it just needs some sorts of planning and optimal quality of equipment like house wire.
So whether you are planning to do it your self or you want to get it done through a professional a thorough knowledge of residential wiring lets you finish the job with assurity. So here is a thorough explanation of each and every steps with every requirement that will make your job easy because if it is not done in a correct way then it will lead to a bad electrical coded house.
Develop a Layout of Wiring Plan
First, even before you purchase materials, you must create a layout of your wiring plan. The location of every electrical item (including switches, outlets, lights, and appliances) must be marked and designated precisely on the plan. You can take help in this step from an engineer.
Collect all required Material
A proper wiring plan will include a list of all the required material. You can buy it from any trusted retailer as per your wish.
Mount boxes and Can lights in the exact positions on the wall studs and ceiling joists, as specified on the wiring plan. Standard wall receptacles should be installed 12 inches above floor level.
After installing boxes, drill holes in studs between the boxes to provide a pathway for all the wiring. These holes must be drilled into the center of the studs and allow a 1 -inch clearance so nails or screws in the stud do not damage the cable. If a 1 -inch clearance is impossible to achieve for some reason, then steel nail plates must be installed on the stud in front of the hole to protect the cable.
Keep all the holes in level to pull wire through them easily. In order to minimize electrical interference, drill holes for low-voltage wires at least 6 inches away from holes for line-voltage wires.
Pulling of wires
Pull wires through the holes drilled in the studs. All wires must connect to the central electrical panel. The wire heading to the panel is called a “home run”. This is typically the longest run of wire, and should be installed first, connecting the panel to the first box and so on. It is a good idea to label each end of each wire to eliminate the possibility of later confusion.
Finally strip the wire and stuff it into the boxes, and connect it to other wires using wire crimpers and wire nuts of the appropriate size.
Once you install the connections and outlets, make up and secure the electrical panels, meter box, grounding, overhead or underground conduits and service wire.
The final step in any wiring project is testing and preparation for inspection. The circuit must be visually verified to be completely connected and that all wires are properly stuffed into their boxes.